Frederick II

Frederick II
(1194–1250)
   Monarch.
   Frederick II was the grandson of frederick i (Barbarossa). He was elected German king at the age of two, but when his father died the following year, the German princes refused to accept him. However, in 1212 he was again named king and, supported by his guardian Pope Innocent III, his position was consolidated. In 1220 he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor. As a result of his threatening papal interests in central Italy, he was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX in 1227 and again in 1239. Meanwhile he reached agreement with the Sultan al Kamil and in 1228 he had himself crowned king in Jerusalem. On this occasion he declared himself to be an instrument of God, following in the footsteps of the biblical King David. Subsequently he continued with his Italian plans and in 1245 Pope innocent iv declared a crusade against him, but with little effect. At the time of his death, the conflict between Pope and Emperor was still unresolved. Frederick was sceptical in religion, tolerant of Jews and Muslims, a brilliant linguist and a flamboyant diplomat: he was an outstanding figure of his age.
   E. Kantorowicz, Frederic II (1931);
   D.P. Waley, The Papal States in the Thirteenth Century (1961).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Frederick I —     Frederick I (Barbarossa)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Frederick I (Barbarossa)     German King and Roman Emperor, son of Frederick of Swabia (d. 1147) and Judith, daughter of Henry the Black; born c. 1123; died 10 June, 1190. Connected… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick II — • German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Frederick II     Frederick II …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick — bezeichnet: Frederick (Vorname), einen Vornamen Frederick (Colorado), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Colorado Frederick (Maryland), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Maryland Frederick County (Maryland), County der gleichnamigen Stadt im US Bundesstaat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick I — may refer to:*Frederick I, Archbishop of Cologne (c. 1075 1171) * Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 1190); Frederick Barbarossa * Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg) (c.1175 1198) * Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg) (1286 1330); Frederick the… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick, CO U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 2467 Housing Units (2000): 896 Land area (2000): 8.613439 sq. miles (22.308703 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.091186 sq. miles (0.236170 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.704625 sq. miles (22.544873 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Frederick II — may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194 ndash;1250, king 1211/12 ndash;1250, emperor since 1220) * Frederick II of Austria (? ndash;1246, duke of Austria 1230 ndash;1246) * Frederick III of Sicily (1272 ndash;1337), also called… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick1 [fred′rik, fred′ər ik] n. [Fr Frédéric < Ger Friedrich < OHG Fridurih < Gmc * frithu , peace (< fri , to love, protect + thu , substantive particle) + * rik , king, ruler (akin to L rex, Ger reich): see RIGHT] a masculine… …   English World dictionary

  • Frederick V — or Friedrich V may refer to: *Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach (1460 1536), or Friedrich V, Margrave von Brandenburg Ansbach Bayreuth *Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 1632), or Friedrich V von der Pfalz *Frederick V of Denmark… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick IV — may refer to:*Frederick IV of Austria (1382 1439) *Frederick IV of Denmark (1671 1730) *Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574 1610) *Frederick IV of Holstein Gottorp *Frederick IV of Sicily *Frederick IV of Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — hace referencia a: Frederick Delius, compositor inglés; Frederick Forsyth, escritor británico; Frederick Gowland Hopkins, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1929; Frederick Grant Banting, médico canadiense, premio Nobel de Medicina …   Wikipedia Español

  • FREDERICK I° — (1826–1907), grand duke of Baden, son in law of Kaiser William I, and uncle by marriage of Kaiser William II. Frederick ruled Baden from 1852 until his death and carried out many reforms in the school and voting system   based on liberal ideas… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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